💡🎓 The Philosophy of Technical Analysis 🎓💡 for TVC:DJI by Yemala

To continue awareness of the art of Technical Analysis , this idea is an educational post and summary of The Philosophy of Technical Analysis , from Technical Analysis of the Financial Markets, by John J. Murphy, 1999, Page 2-5

The Philosophy of Technical Analysis

1. Market Discounts Everything

The cornerstone of TA is that anything that can

possibly affect the price, is reflected in the price.

– All that is required is a study of price action

– Price action reflects shifts in supply and demand

– If demand exceeds supply, prices rise

– If supply exceeds demand, prices fall

The underlying forces of supply and demand are

the economic fundamentals of a market.

This action is the basis of all economic and fundamental forecasting.

It follows then that if everything that affects market price is ultimately reflected

in market price, then the study of that market price is all that is necessary.

Charts themselves do not cause markets to move,

they simply reflect the bullish or bearish psychology.

By studying price charts and a host of supporting

technical indicators, the chartist in effect lets the

market tell him or her which way it is most likely to go.

The chartist does not necessarily try to outsmart or outguess the market.

All of the technical tools discussed later on are

simply techniques used to aid the chartist in the process of studying market action.

The chartist knows there are reasons why markets

go up or down.

He or she just doesn’t believe that knowing what

those reasons are is necessary in the forecasting process.

2. Price Moves in Trends

The concept of trend is absolutely essential to the technical approach.

The whole purpose of charting the price action of a market is to identify

trends in early stages of their development for the purpose of trading in the

direction of those trends.

In fact, most of the techniques used in this approach are trend-following in nature,

meaning that their intent is to identify and

follow existing trends.

– Prices move in trends, a trend in motion is more likely to continue than to reverse.

– A trend in motion will continue in the same direction until it reverses.

– Issac Newton’s first law of motion is empirical evidence of this.

This is another one of those technical claims that seems almost circular.

The entire trend-following approach is predicated on riding an

existing trend until it shows signs of reversing.

3. History Repeats

Much of the body of technical analysis and the study of market action

has to do with the study of human psychology.

Chart patterns, for example, which have been identified and categorised

over the past one hundred years, reflect certain pictures that appear

on price charts.

These pictures reveal the bullish or bearish psychology of the market.

Since these patterns have worked well in the past,

it is assumed that they will continue to work well in the future.

They are based on the study of human psychology,

which tends not to change.

Another way of saying this last premise is;

History repeats itself

The key to understanding the future lies in a study of the past

What are your thoughts?


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